Genuine critical thinking originated in the Bible. Knowledge is great, but wisdom is of greater value.
Proverbs 8:5-21 (NASB)
5 You naive ones, understand prudence; And, you fools, understand wisdom!
6 Listen, for I will speak noble things; And the opening of my lips will reveal right things.
7 For my mouth will proclaim truth; And wickedness is an abomination to my lips.
8 All the words of my mouth are in righteousness;
There is nothing crooked or perverted in them.
9 They are all straightforward to him who understands, And right to those who find knowledge.
10 Accept my instruction and not silver, And knowledge rather than choice gold.
11 For wisdom is better than [d]jewels; And all desirable things cannot compare with her.
12 “I, wisdom, dwell with prudence, And I find knowledge and discretion.
13 The fear of the Lord is to hate evil; Pride, arrogance, the evil way, And the perverted mouth, I hate.
14 Advice is mine and sound wisdom; I am understanding, power is mine.
15 By me kings reign, And rulers decree justice.
16 By me princes rule, and nobles, All who judge rightly.
17 I love those who love me; And those who diligently seek me will find me.
18 Riches and honor are with me, Enduring wealth and righteousness.
19 My fruit is better than gold, even pure gold; And my yield better than choice silver.
20 I walk in the way of righteousness, In the midst of the paths of justice,
21 To endow those who love me with wealth, That I may fill their treasuries.